Hướng dẫn cách làm Ielts Writing task 1 dạng Map, các bạn cần nắm vững các cấu trúc ngôn ngữ dưới đây và hình thành khung bài viết theo từng loại cho riêng mình nhé. Bài giảng dưới đây là một phần trong sách Ielts Writing Task 1 by Dương Vũ, combo sách tự học Ielts 7.0 – 8.0: https://idvielts.com/sach-ielts-speaking-2020-duong-vu/
Map thực ra có 2 dạng: Plan là bản vẽ của Building phương hướng tả Plan các bạn chỉ dùng the left/ right of ST … còn Map là bản đồ 1 vùng có phương hướng north, south… Bạn nên tận dụng transcript của bài nghe dạng MAP để học phần này nữa nhé: https://idvielts.com/luyen-nghe-ielts-dang-map/
- Xác định đúng thời cần dùng: đã là quá khứ, hay hiện tại hoàn thành (now – before) hay tương lai + ĐỌC KĨ phần chú thích trên map để viết cho đúng
- Cũng giống như các dạng khác bạn nên chia thân bài thành 2 nhóm đối tượng: thay đổi lớn như xây mới + thay đổi nhỏ như đổi chỗ, đổi quy mô & không thay đổi, hoặc nhóm cơ sở vật chất chính (buildings) + nhóm phụ (roads, car parks, entrance …) hoặc chia theo trục chính của bản đồ thành 2 phần (ví dụ 2 bên của Main Road)
- Cần nêu được mục đích của thay đổi
CÁCH MIÊU TẢ VỊ TRÍ – Đặc trưng của ngôn ngữ dạng Map
Be situated / located / lies / Be + in the north of …
To the north (hướng la bàn): theo hướng bắc
In the north of ST / In the northeast of ST (ở trong ST) : ở phía bắc của
To the north of ST/ North of ST: 10 miles (to) the north of ST (về phía bắc của cái gì đó nhưng không nằm trong đó)
Opposite to ST / Across ST
Next to ST/ beside ST/ by ST / Near (to) ST/ close to
In the (original) place of ST = In their/ its place
In the middle / in the centre of …
On the left hand side/ right hand side (nếu không la bàn)
To the left/ right of ST (chỉ dùng với dạng Plan)
ĐỘNG TỪ VÀ CẤU TRÚC MÔ TẢ SỰ THAY ĐỔI CỦA MAP
Tả Mục Đích:
- To make way for ST
- In order to make room for ST/ to replace ST
- To connect / join / merge with
Tả biến đổi:
Move to/ relocate
Run through/ cross/
CÁCH VIẾT MỞ BÀI VÀ OVERVIEW DẠNG MAP
MAP BEFORE – NOW (past + present perfect):
The illustration shows the changes that took place in …over the 10 -year period from …to … / The map illustrates how …developed over …
Overall / It is clear that the main difference/ major changes is/ are/ involve/ include the … (and the…)
PLAN (Past – Future/ Now – future):
The illustrations compare the layout of a …as it was in… and its current plan/ (future): The illustrations compare the layout of a … as it is now … and a proposed site design for the year 2050.
COMPARING OPTIONS: Overview (optional)
The map show the (village) of … and (3) potential / proposed sites (locations) for a (car park)
CÁCH VIẾT CÂU DẠNG MAP
- The stairs to the first floor have been made smaller to create room for a lift.
- A café has been set up in the original place of the non-fiction section.
- This has enabled customers to enjoy refreshments while reading books in the store.
- By 2010, the whole land had been cleared for the construction of a reservoir and a dam.
- The northern part developed primarily to the east of the High Street, with the shops being removed and an apartment complex being erected in their place.
MAP HYDRO ELECTRIC DAM (ảnh ở trên)
The illustrations demonstrate the transformation of a mountainous area after a hydroelectric dam was built on a river running through it in 2010. Overall, the construction had drastically changed the local landscape with the addition of entirely new facilities.
In 1990, the northwest side of the river was covered with wild forest that was home to rare species of fauna and flora. There was also an ancient monument hidden inside the jungle. On the east side, there used to be vast irrigated farmlands and a group of villages.
By 2010, however, the whole land had been cleared for the construction of a reservoir and a dam. In the original place of the villages, a modern hotel was erected to accommodate tourists. There was also boats on the lake for visitors to enjoy a cruise trip. The villagers had relocated to the southern area of the dam. Numerous transmission towers (electricity towers) had also been constructed along the downstream banks of the river.
BÀI MẪU WRITING DẠNG MAP
Plan of an art gallery BEFORE – NOW (nhóm chính: exhibition + nhóm phụ: entrance)
The illustrations compare the plan of an art gallery’s ground floor in 2005 with its current layout. Overall, the floor has changed significantly over the period. Major developments involve the addition of a temporary exhibition space, a modern lift, vending machines and special facilities to accommodate the needs of children and people with disabilities.
In 2005, the gallery had 4 permanent exhibition rooms but the fourth has now been converted into a temporary exhibition space and an interactive area for children. The café has been closed and refreshments are now served by vending machines in the original place of the gallery office which has been removed.
Several alterations can also be found in the entrance and entrance hall. First, a ramp has been set up by the entrance steps (stairs) to make the gallery wheelchair-friendly. Second, the positions of the reception desk and the entrance hall have been switched. Finally, the stairs to the first floor have been made smaller to create room for a lift at the end of the hall.
PLAN BOOKSTORE (nhóm chính book sections + nhóm phụ café)
The illustrations show the changes in the plan/layout of a bookstore between 2000 and the present. Overall, the store has been redesigned to increase its spaciousness and make room for an added service, the café. Most of the changes were made to the left-hand side of the floor.
In 2000, fiction occupied the longest and largest section on the left of the entrance. That area, however, has been divided into four smaller sections for displaying not only this kind of book but also three other genres, namely art, cooking and nonfiction. This has resulted in larger isles and increased visual exposure, allowing shoppers to find their desired items more easily. Particularly, there is no space dedicated to books on hobbies now.
With a view to enhancing shoppers’ experiences, a café has been set up in the original place of the nonfiction section. In addition, there are now several tables in the area previously reserved for art, cookery and hobbies books. This has enabled customers to enjoy refreshments while reading books right in the store.
(Đặt sách Ielts Writing Task 1 by Dương Vũ + Full Samples các đề task 1 khó nhất thường hay ra đề + Series Bài Giảng hướng dẫn viết task 1 chi tiết chỉ với chi phí cực tiết kiệm hiệu quả: 150k)