Scientists believe that computers will become more intelligent than human beings. Some people think it is a positive development while others think it is a negative development. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
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Many scientists claim that computers’ intelligence will eventually surpass humans’. This would bring unprecedented benefits as well as have serious repercussions for humanity. From my perspective, the advantages of this trend would exceed its drawbacks.
On the one hand, the advent of superintelligent computers might pose a substantial threat to humankind. As humans cannot rival these machines in technical fields such as calculating and analyzing, a considerable number of people might be out of a job. In addition, the popularity of superhuman robots might exacerbate the ongoing erosion of social cohesion. In Japan, for example, there has been a trend towards making friends with or even getting married to a virtual character since having digital companions seems more convenient and trouble-free. This signals an undesirable scenario when humankind might show less consideration for each other.
I, however, incline to the view that the merits of superintelligent computers are greater than their potential demerits. If robots outperform humans in intellectual capacity, they can replace people in repetitive and mentally intensive jobs. Being liberated from such demanding and exhausting tasks, people could focus on their creative pursuits and passion or humanitarian work that requires empathy and compassion. They would also have more time to spend with their family and friends, which enables them to lead a more balanced life. Furthermore, when robots are highly intelligent, they might make a more caring and dedicated companion for people, especially children and the elderly. It is often argued that superintelligent robots could threaten the safety of humanity. However, I believe that machines could never become a substantial danger since humans can easily control the sources of energy they live on.
In conclusion, while skeptics view highly intelligent robots as a major threat, I contend that these cutting-edge technologies can liberate humans from uninspiring work and enrich their lives. People should learn to collaborate with them and be prepared for the future rather than hold onto unfounded fears.
Copyright by Duong Vu – IDV IELTS
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