Model Essay band 8 for Ielts writing task 2 Taxing Sugary Foods Topic – Written by Duong Vu – IDV: Ielts Writing Ideas 8.0 Book.
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Band 5, 6, 7: relevant ideas & good structure – Band 8, 9: need more depth, memorised phrases won’t help
Some people say that supermarkets and manufacturers have a responsibility to reduce the amount of packaging on products they sell. Others believe that it is the consumer’s responsibility to avoid buying products which have a lot of packaging. Discuss both views and give your opinions.
In recent years, increased packaging waste has become a pressing concern in many countries. Some argue that manufacturers and retailers should be fully responsible for reducing their packaging while others claim that it is consumers’ responsibility to avoid over-packaged items. In my view, both businesses and individuals should take appropriate actions to address this problem.
On the one hand, manufacturers and supermarkets should take responsibility for the packaging waste they generate. To avoid spoilage and maximise profit, they have been utilising low-cost petroleum-based plastics to protect their products, leading to plastic pollution – a serious environmental hazard on a global scale. It seems that they are in a far better position to tackle this challenge simply by minimising their packaging, innovating product designs and switching to biodegradable materials. Lush Cosmetics, a renowned UK-based beauty company, for instance, has come up with a novel formula for their eco-friendly solid shampoo which requires no containers and gained enormous support from their customers. Such initiatives can not only help them fulfil their environmental obligations but also encourage consumers to pursue sustainable consumption.
On the other hand, consumers can be and should be the driving force of packaging waste reduction. In fact, excess packaging mainly stem from their shopping habits and preferences. For instance, products with several layers of wrapping are often associated with higher quality in Vietnam. The rise of online shopping might also be a main culprit because shipping process is supposed to require additional packaging. If all consumers boycotted products with disposable or unnecessary packaging and favoured items with minimal wrapping or in biodegradable packaging materials, businesses will act accordingly. Take the Highland Coffee chain in Vietnam as an example, they have switched to using bamboo straws, paper bags and reusable cups in their stores after receiving too many complaints from their customers. Indeed, the end users can use their buying power to drive positive change in packaging practices.
In conclusion, increased product packaging appears to serve the benefits and needs of manufacturers, distributors and consumers. Therefore, in order to effectively reduce packaging waste, every party involved should take their own initiatives and exert their influence on the others.