Đáp Án Reading Cam 15 Test 2 – Giải Thích Đáp Án chi tiết bới IDV IELTS

Dưới đây IDV hướng dẫn cách tìm ra đáp án đúng kèm giải thích chi tiết câu trả lời cho Reading Test 3 sách Cam 15 cho các bạn. Chúc bạn học tốt và vượt aim nhé.

Khóa Học Reading Online tiết kiệm, hiệu quả, bài bản ngay từ đầu:

Khóa Học i7 trọn gói Ielts 7.0 thống nhất theo 1 phương pháp giúp tiết kiệm thời gian và chi phí, tăng sự tập trung: 

  1. Đáp án: TRUE

Keywords: leaving school, Moore, did, father, wanted

Đoạn 1: “After leaving school, Moore hoped to become a sculptor, but instead he complied with his father’s wish”.

want = wish

  1. Đáp án: FALSE

Keywords: began, sculpture, first term, Leeds School of Art

Đoạn 2: “Although he wanted to study sculpture, no teacher was appointed until his second year”.

  1. Đáp án: NOT GIVEN

Keywords: Royal College of Art, reputation, sculpture, excellent

Đoạn 2: “Moore’s exceptional talent soon gained recognition, and in 1926 he started work as a sculpture instructor at the Royal College.”, không nhắc đến “reputation for teaching sculpture”.

  1. Đáp án: TRUE

Keywords: aware, ancient sculpture, visiting, London museums

Đoạn 3: “Moore visited many of the London museums, particularly the British Museum, which had a wide-ranging collection of ancient sculpture. During these visits, he discovered the power and beauty of ancient Egyptian and African sculpture”.

become aware = discover

  1. Đáp án: NOT GIVEN

Keywords: Trocadero Museum, Mayan sculpture, public, interest

Đoạn 4: “When he visited the Trocadero Museum in Paris, he was impressed by a cast of a Mayan sculpture of the rain spirit”, không nhắc đến “The Trocadero Museum’s Mayan sculpture attracted a lot of public interest”.

  1. Đáp án: FALSE

Keywords: Mayan sculpture, similar, other, stone sculptures

Đoạn 4: “Moore became fascinated with this stone sculpture, which he thought had power and originality that no other stone sculpture possessed”.

  1. Đáp án: TRUE

Keywords: artists, Unit One, modern art, architecture, popular

Đoạn 5: “The aim of the group was to convince the English public of the merits of […] modern art and architecture”.

  1. Đáp án: resignation

Keywords: urged, offer, leave, Royal College

Đoạn 6: “There were calls for his resignation from the Royal College, and the following year […] he left […]”.

  1. Đáp án: materials

Keywords: turns to, drawing, sculpting, not, available

Đoạn 8: “A shortage of materials forced him to focus on drawing”.

turn on = focus on

not available = shortage

  1. Đáp án: miners

Keywords: visiting, hometown, drawings

Đoạn 8: “In 1942, he returned to Castleford to make a series of sketches of the miners who worked there”.

some drawings ~ a series of sketches

  1. Đáp án: family

Keywords: employed, produce, sculpture, of

Đoạn 9: “In 1944, Harlow, a town near London, offered Moore a commission for a sculpture depicting a family”.

employ = offer [someone] a commission

  1. Đáp án: collectors

Keywords: start, buy, Moore’s work

Đoạn 9: “Moore’s work became available to collectors all over the world. The boost to his income enabled him to take on ambitious projects and start working on the scale he felt his sculpture demanded”.

  1. Đáp án: income

Keywords: increased, possible, ambitious, sculptures

Đoạn 9: “The boost to his income enabled him to take on ambitious projects”.

increase = boost

make it possible for = enable

  1. Đáp án: iii

Đoạn A: “Traveling around Thailand in the 1990s, William Janssen was impressed with the basic rooftop solar heating systems… Two decades later Janssen developed that basic idea he saw in Southeast Asia into a portable device…”.

  1. Đáp án: vi

Đoạn B: “The Desolenator operates as a mobile desalination unit that can take water from different places, such as the sea, rivers, boreholes, and rain, and purify it for … only water source available”.

clean = purify

  1. Đáp án: v

Đoạn C: “…unlike standard desalination techniques, it (the desolenator) doesn’t require a generated power supply: just sunlight”.

different = unlike

  1. Đáp án: x

Đoạn D: “A recent analysis found that at least two-thirds of the world’s population lives with severe water scarcity for at least a month every year”.

water shortage = water stress = water scarcity

  1. Đáp án: iv

Đoạn E: “The device is aimed at a wide variety of users”

Customers ~ users

  1. Đáp án: viii

Đoạn F: “Prices will vary according to where it is bought… We are a venture with a social mission.  We are aware that the product we have envisioned is mainly finding application in the developing world and humanitarian sector and that this is the way we will proceed”.

  1. Đáp án: i

Đoạn G: “It has raised £340,000 in funding so far. Within two years, he says, the company aims to be selling 1,000 units a month”.

finance = funding

  1. Đáp án: wheels

Keywords: device, used, different locations

Đoạn C: “It measures 120 cm by 90 cm, and is easy to transport, thanks to its two wheels

  1. Đáp án: film

Keywords: water, fed, pipe, flows, solar panel

Đoạn C: “Water enters through a pipe and flows as a thin film between a sheet of double glazing and the surface of a solar panel”.

  1. Đáp án: filter

Keywords: any, particles, water, caught in

Đoạn C: “The device has a very simple filter to trap particles”.

catch = trap

  1. Đáp án: waste

Keywords: purified, water, tube, types, through another

Đoạn C: “There are two tubes for liquid coming out: one for the waste – salt from seawater, fluoride, etc. – and another for the distilled water”.

purified = distilled

  1. Đáp án: performance

Keywords: screen, displays, transmits, information, company, know, Desolenator, requires

Đoạn C: “The performance of the unit is shown on an LCD screen and transmitted to the company which provides servicing when necessary”.

display = show

device = unit

  1. Đáp án: servicing

Keywords: screen, displays, transmits, information, company, know, Desolenator, requires

Đoạn C: “The performance of the unit is shown on an LCD screen and transmitted to the company which provides servicing when necessary”.

require = necessitate (necessary)

  1. Đáp án: C

Keywords: fairy tales, details, plot

Đoạn 1: “[…] the same story often takes a variety of forms in different parts of the world” …. “In fairy tales, details of the plot show considerable global variation.”

global = world

variation = variety = different

  1. Đáp án: B

Keywords: Tehrani, rejects, useful, lessons, life

Đoạn 2: “The universal appeal of these tales is frequently attributed to the idea that they contain cautionary messages: in the case of Little Red Riding Hood, to listen to your mother, and avoid talking to strangers”.

  1. Đáp án: F

Keywords: theories, social, significance, fairy tales

Đoạn 2: “We have this huge gap in our knowledge about the history and prehistory of storytelling …That hasn’t stopped anthropologists, folklorists and other academics devising theories to explain the importance of fairy tales in human society.”

develop = devise

significance = importance

social = in society

factual basis = knowledge

  1. Đáp án: A

Keywords: insights, development, fairy tales

Đoạn 2: “Now Tehrani has found a way to test these ideas, borrowing a technique from evolutionary biologists”.

development = evolution (evolve)

biological research = biologist

  1. Đáp án: E

Keywords: analysed, Tehrani

Đoạn 4: “Tehrani’s analysis focused on Little Red Riding Hood in its many forms, which include another Western fairy tale known as The Wolf and the Kids…. he ended up with 58 stories recorded from oral traditions”.

analyse = analysis

spoken = oral

originally = tradition (traditionally)

  1. Đáp án: D

Keywords: techniques, evolutionary biologists, existed, 58 stories

Đoạn 4: “Once his phylogenetic analysis had established that they (the stories) were indeed related, he used the same methods to explore how they have developed and altered over time”.

relate ~ link

  1. Đáp án: F

Keywords: aspects, fewest, believed, these, most important

Đoạn 5: “First he tested some assumptions about which aspects of the story alter least as it evolves, indicating their importance”. à paraphrased: “he tested some assumptions about which aspects of the story had fewest alterations/variations, as this would indicate the most important aspects”.

variation = alter (alteration)

  1. Đáp án: B

Keywords: contrary, beliefs, some, included, change

Đoạn 6: “Tehrani found no significant difference in the rate of evolution of incidents compared with that of characters”.

change over time = evolve (rate of evolution)

events = incidents

  1. Đáp án: C

Keywords: surprised, parts, story, provide, unimportant

Đoạn 7: “But the really big surprise came when he looked at the cautionary elements of the story. ‘Studies on hunter-gatherer folk tales suggest that these narratives include really important information about the environment and the possible dangers that may be faced there – stuff that’s relevant to survival,’ he says. Yet in his analysis such elements were just as flexible as seemingly trivial details. What, then, is important enough to be reproduced from generation to generation?”

story = tale

unimportant = trivial

warning = cautionary

  1. Đáp án: G

Keywords: aspect, most important, story’s survival

Cuối đoạn 7: “What, then, is important enough to be reproduced from generation to generation?”.

Đầu đoạn 8: “The answer, it would appear, is fear — blood-thirsty and gruesome….”

horror = fear

  1. Đáp án: B

Keywords:  method, Tehrani, test, ideas, fairy tales

Đoạn 4: “Tehrani’s analysis focused on Little Red Riding Hood in its many forms, which include another Western fairy tale known as The Wolf and the Kids. Checking for variants of these two tales and similar stories from Africa, East Asia and other regions, he ended up with 58 stories recorded from oral traditions”.

  1. Đáp án: D

Keywords:  Tehrani’s views, Jack Zipes, suggests

Đoạn 9: “’Even if they’re gruesome, they won’t stick unless they matter”.

Gruesome ~ fearful/horrific

stick = survive 

have significance = matter 

  1. Đáp án: A

Keywords: Tehrani, Chinese, Japanese, fairy tales

Đoạn 9: “Jack Zipes believes the perennial theme of women as victims in stories like Little Red Riding Hood explains why they continue to feel relevant. But Tehrani points out that although this is often the case in Western versions, it is not always true elsewhere. In Chinese and Japanese versions, often known as The Tiger Grandmother, the villain is a woman, and in both Iran and Nigeria, the victim is a boy”.

  1. Đáp án: A

Keywords: Mathias Clasen, believe

Đoạn cuối: “Clasen believes that scary stories teach us what it feels like to be afraid without having to experience real danger, and so build up resistance to negative emotions”.

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